Making the scene safe
- Protect yourself and others from further injury.
- Use hazard lights.
- Turn off ignition in crashed cars.
- Use headlights to light the area.
- No smoking in the area.
See who is injured
- Check who is injured and where they are.
- Check unconscious people.
- Get their attention and ask questions – No response means the person is unconscious (See section 3)
- Priority of attention is given to this person.
- Encourage other victims to stay in their vehicles.
- Assess situation, injuries etc. so emergency services know what they need.
- Be gentle, especially with motorbike riders, leave helmets on if they can breathe.
- If the victim is unconscious:
- – turn the victim on their side.
- – clear the airway.
- – check their breathing.
- If breathing, leave on their side.
- If not breathing, help restore it.
Send for help
- Get someone to phone 000.
- If you are in the country, send another driver to get help.
- Stop anyone you can, never leave unconscious victims alone.
- Tell emergency services;
- – An ambulance is needed.
- – Where the crash is, using road names, signs & landmarks.
- – How many are injured, what sort of injury and if anyone is trapped.
- – If a fire engine, police rescue or tow truck is needed.
- – If any power lines are down.